Volume 7, Issue 6, December 2019, Page: 78-84
Preparation and Characterization of Thin Conductive Nanocomposite Film from Dispersed Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes Reinforced Chitosan/Polyvinyl Alcohol Blend
Fatema Tuz Zohora, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Sazedul Islam, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Muhammad Shahriar Bashar, Institute of Fuel Research & Development (IFRD), Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Papia Haque, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammed Mizanur Rahman, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Received: May 27, 2019;       Accepted: Oct. 26, 2019;       Published: Nov. 5, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.sr.20190706.12      View  21      Downloads  7
Abstract
In this study, surfactant dispersed MWCNTs were introduced as nanofillers into poly (vinyl) alcohol (PVA) and Chitosan (Cs) blend (ratio 50:50 wt%, optimized) by solution casting method to fabricate PVA/Cs/MWCNTs nanocomposite films. These nanocomposites were subjected to different characterization to study the variation of properties with different amount of MWCNTs loading. Various techniques, such as Optical microscopy (OM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA, DTGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), impedance analyzer (IA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and universal testing machine (UTM) were used to study the physicochemical, morphological, electrical and thermo-mechanical properties of the nanocomposite films. The experimental results of FTIR illustrated that strong interaction among MWCNTs, Cs and PVA facilitated the crystallization of PVA and prevented the agglomeration of MWCNTs in the composite film. Tensile strength of the nanocomposite containing 1 wt% MWCNTs increased by 61.51% and elongation at break decreased by 20.07% in comparison to that of pure PVA/Cs blend film. Similarly, the conductivity of the nanocomposite containing 1 wt% MWCNTs was highest at 40V with the value of 1.99 x 103 S/cm.
Keywords
Chitosan, Blends, Nanocomposites, Thermal Properties, Mechanical Properties
To cite this article
Fatema Tuz Zohora, Md. Sazedul Islam, Muhammad Shahriar Bashar, Papia Haque, Mohammed Mizanur Rahman, Preparation and Characterization of Thin Conductive Nanocomposite Film from Dispersed Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes Reinforced Chitosan/Polyvinyl Alcohol Blend, Science Research. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2019, pp. 78-84. doi: 10.11648/j.sr.20190706.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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