Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2020, Page: 84-89
Assessment on Ecological Distribution of ‘Crematogaster chiarinii’ ant in South-western Ethiopia
Tesfu Shegaw, Bonga Agricultural Research Center, South Agricultural Research Institute (SARI), Bonga, Ethiopia
Received: Dec. 20, 2019;       Accepted: Apr. 21, 2020;       Published: Jun. 23, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.sr.20200803.13      View  218      Downloads  80
The study was conducted in selected districts of kafa, sheka and Benchi maji zones of Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region of Ethiopia with an intention to identify the agroecological distribution level of cr. chiarinii ant. The study was under taken through collection of survey data from respondent beekeepers and conducting transect views. According to the survey result, of the total transect views covering 167 kms distances with 50 meters horizontal width and observation covered altitudes ranging from 800 to 2400 m.as.l. Nearly equivalent transect distances were considered for each agro ecologies (High land, mid land and low lands containing 60, 50 and 57 kilometers respectively). A total of 497 nests were counted during the transect. Of which 387 (77%) were counted in mid lands (1500-1900 m.a.s.l.); 60 (12%) of the nests counted in low lands (<1500 m.a.s.l.) and 50 (10%) of them were counted in high lands (>1900 to 2400 m.a.s.l.). The Proportions of respondents using Cr. chiarinii as biological protection means against D. quadratus varied from 19.17% in Benchi Maji zone to 43.33% in Sheka zone whith an overall mean of 27.78%. There is no significant varriation between male and females (at p<0.05) in using Cr. chiarinii as a potential biological pest prevention mechanism (28.4% versus 20.69%). In the curent study, the distribution of the ant was higher in mid lands (1500-1900m.a.s.l) and declining as we go up over 1900 m.a.s.l and lower than 1500 m.a.s.l. Particularly, in areas of extreme low altitudes the ant was noted to be very selective to areas with better moisture contents and is highly selective to areas with old trees and better vegetation cover is found. However, it is not selective to plant types and its distribution gets declining in areas with less forest coverage and intenssive cultivation is under taken.
Crematogaster Chiarinii, Distribution, Agroecologies
To cite this article
Tesfu Shegaw, Assessment on Ecological Distribution of ‘Crematogaster chiarinii’ ant in South-western Ethiopia, Science Research. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 84-89. doi: 10.11648/j.sr.20200803.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abadi, B., Abebe, A., Delenasaw, Y. 2016. Community Perception on Beekeeping Practices, Management, and Constraints in Termaber and Basona Werena Districts, Central Ethiopia. Advances in Agriculture, Volume, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/410643
Abebe, S., Bereket, D., Kahsay, B., Azage, T., Dirk, H. 2009. Recognizing Farmers’ Knowledge in Development Initiatives: Indigenous Beekeeping in Alaba Special Woreda, Southern Ethiopia. Paper presented at 16th International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES) World Congress from July 27-31/2009 in China, Yunnan (Kunming).
Amssalu, B., Nuru, A., Radloff, S. E. and Hepburn, H. R. 2004. Multivariate morphometric analysis of honey bees (Apis mellifera) in the Ethiopian region. Apidologie, 35 (1): 71–81.
Awraris, G., Yemisrach, G., Dejen, A., Nuru, A., Gebeyehu, G. and Workineh, A. 2012. Honey production systems (Apis mellifera L.) in Kafa, Sheka and Bench-Maji zones of Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Vol. 4 (19), pp 528-541. Available online at http://academicjournals. org/JAERD
Birhanu, T. 2016. Constraints of Opportunities of Honeybee production and honey marketing system: A case of Guji and Borena of Oromia state. Department of Animal and Range Science. Bule hora University, Ethiopia.
Bonnie, B. 2012. A subgeneric revision of Crematogaster snd discussion of Regional species groups (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 34-67 (2012). http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/.
Chala, K., Taye, T., Kebede, D., Tadele, T. 2012. Opportunities and challenges of honey production in Gomma district of Jimma zone, South-west Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Vol. 4 (4), pp. 85-91.
Desalegne, B. 2015. A review on Honeybee diseases and Pests research progress in Ethiopia. African Journal Of insect, Vol. 3 (1): pp 093-096.
Desalegne, B. 2016. Some Major pests and Predators of honeybees in Ethiopia. The 8th Ethiopian Beekeepers Association Proceeding, August 2016. addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Desalegne, B., Gemechis, L., Kibebew, W., Zewdu, A., Alemayehu, G., Dereje, W. 2015. Apiculture Research Status and Achievements in Ethiopia. Collection of Abstracts. Oromia Agricultural Research Institute (OARI), Holeta Bee Research Center, Holeta Ethiopia
Desalegne, B., Gemechis, L., Melaku, G. 2016. Promotion of Beekeeping in the rural sector of Ethiopia. The 8th Ethiopian Beekeepers Association Proceeding, August 2016, SAMKET printing, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Haftey, S., Gashaw, E., Ayalew, N., Tsehaye, N. 2018. Assessment of honey production system, constraints and opportunities in Ethiopia (Review). Pharmacy & Pharmacology International Journal, Volume 6, Issue 1.
Hailemikael, T. 2018. A review on: The status of beekeeping practices and honey production system in Ethiopia. International Journal of Engineering Development and Research. Vol. 6, Issue 2. http://www.ijedr.org
Hayilegebriel, T. 2014. Honey Bee Diseases, Pest and Their Economic Importance in Ethiopia. International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research. Vol. 10 No. 2 Oct. 2014, pp. 527-535
Hossam, F., Abou-Shara, Martin, S. 2019. Present and future perispectives of using biological agents against pests of honeybees. Egyptian Journal of Biological pests control 29, Article number: 24 (2019).
Jinzhuo, W., Wenshu, L., Xuanyi, P. and Weiguo, L. 2013. A review of Forest Resources and Forest Biodiversity Evaluation System in china. International Journal of Forestry Research, Volume 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/396345.
Nuru, A., Awraris, G. Ahmed, A. Al-Ghamdi, Amenay, A., Mohammad, J., Ansari, B. and Sarah, R. 2014. Crematogaster chiarinii ants as a potential biological control agent for protecting honeybee colonies from attack by Dorylus quadrates driver ants in Ethiopia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Agricultural and Forest Entomology (2014).
Sebsib, A. and Yibrah, T. 2018. A review on Beekeeping Practice, Opportunities, Marketing and Challenges in Ethiopia. Journal of Dairy and Veterinary Science, Volume 5, Issue 3.
Seid, G. and Solomon, L. 2015. Review on Beekeeping Activities, Opportunities, challenges and Marketing in Ethiopia. Journal of Harmonized Research in Applied Science, 3 (4), 201-214.
Tavella, J., Alvarez, A. P. and Cagnolo, L. 2018. Determinants of ants species special distribution in habitats from Central Argentina. Community Ecology 19 (3): pp 300-310.
Teklu, G. 2016. Survey on honeybee pests and predators in Sidama and Gedeo zones of Southern Ethiopia with emphasis on control practices. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America. Vol. 7 (4). Pp 173-181.
Yibrah, T. 2018. A review on: Beekeeping Practice, Opportunities, Marketing and Challenges in Ethiopia. Journal of Dairy and Veterinary Sciences, Vol. 5, Issue 3.
Yoshimasa, ITO. 2014. Local Honey Production Activities and Their Significance for Local People: A Case of Mountain Forest Area of SouthWestern Ethiopia. African Study Monographs, Suppl. 48: 77-97.
Browse journals by subject