Science Research

Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015

  • Special Arrangement of Phosphor Particles in Screen for Optimization of Illuminance (lm m-2) of FL Tubes

    Lyuji Ozawa

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015
    Pages: 261-272
    Received: 12 September 2015
    Accepted: 21 September 2015
    Published: 8 October 2015
    Abstract: The performance of lighted FL tubes is severely influenced by the depth of the gap between phosphor screen on inner glass wall and positive column which is defined by Fvect ≥ Fphos. Fphos is vertical electric field of the surface bound electrons (SBE) on electric insulator in vacuum. The SBE on phosphor particles in the screen of the commercial ... Show More
  • Spatial and Temporal Variations of Phytoplankton Communities and Environmental Conditions Along the Coastal Area of Alexandria

    Edweb Ali Salem Dango, Mahmoud Salem Ibrahim, Nabila R. Hussein, Maie Ibrahim ElGammal, Mohamed Abel Aziz Okbah

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015
    Pages: 273-282
    Received: 16 September 2015
    Accepted: 28 September 2015
    Published: 16 October 2015
    Abstract: This paper studied the spatial and temporal variations of phytoplankton communities and environmental conditions. This study focuses on the Spatio-temporal distribution of phytoplankton community structure and environmental conditions (physical conditions, and nutrient availability) along Alexandria coastal area (from Abu Qir in the east to eastern... Show More
  • Physical-Chemical and Bacterial Contamination Levels in Mzinga River Catchments of the Southern Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania: Public Health Implications

    Josephat Alexander Saria

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015
    Pages: 283-288
    Received: 24 September 2015
    Accepted: 9 October 2015
    Published: 22 October 2015
    Abstract: Water is an appreciated natural resource for the survival of all living organisms. Management of the quality of this precious resource is therefore of special importance. In this study Mzinga River and its tributaries water samples were collected at a weekly interval from 2nd November 2014 to 6th December 2014 and analyzed for physicochemical and b... Show More
  • Development of Groundwater Recharge Model for the Sumanpa Catchment at Ashanti-Mampong-Ashanti Area in Ghana

    Kotei Richard, Agyare i Wilson Agye, Kyei-Baffour Nicholas, Nana Kena Frempong, Atta-Darkwa Thomas

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015
    Pages: 289-295
    Received: 2 October 2015
    Accepted: 19 October 2015
    Published: 28 October 2015
    Abstract: The research aimed at developing a groundwater recharge model from available and reliable data of recharge predictor variables from 1985-2009 for the Sumanpa catchment in the forest-savannah transitional zone. Streamflow data for the Sumanpa River was generated from daily stage data using the rating curve model developed by the researchers at the g... Show More
  • Influence of Temperature Differentials on Germination and Growth of Terminalia ivorensis (A. Chev)

    Alamu Lateef Oyewole, Alabi Adedamola

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015
    Pages: 296-299
    Received: 1 July 2015
    Accepted: 16 July 2015
    Published: 30 October 2015
    Abstract: This experiment was conducted at the Teaching and Research Farm of Oyo State College of Agriculture, Igboora to assess the influence of temperature differential on germination and early growth of Terminalia ivorensis. The Terminalia ivorensis seeds that were used were procured from Centre for Environmental Renewable Natural Resources Management Res... Show More
  • Film Formation and Characterization of Undoped ZnO on M-plane Sapphire by Mist Chemical Vapour Deposition (Mist-CVD) with Different Carrier Gas Flow Rates

    Hla Myo Tun, Thant Zin Win, Kensuke Minami, Satomi Teraya, Koushi Okita, Yusui Nakamura

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015
    Pages: 300-303
    Received: 21 October 2015
    Accepted: 27 October 2015
    Published: 13 November 2015
    Abstract: ZnO thin films were deposited on sapphire substrate by mist chemical vapor deposition (mist-CVD) with different flow rate of carrier gas. This is a simple and low cost method for large-area deposition system. In this experiment, zinc chloride solution was used as sources, and the crystal growth was achieved at the growth temperature of 600°C and va... Show More
  • Characterization of Sweet Pepper Genotypes by Using Morphological Traits

    Md. Abdus Sattar, Md. Nazrul Islam, Md. Jahangir Hossain, Md. Shahidur Rashid Bhuiyan, Md. Ismail Ho

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015
    Pages: 304-313
    Received: 23 October 2015
    Accepted: 2 November 2015
    Published: 24 November 2015
    Abstract: Twenty one genotypes of sweet pepper representing different sources were evaluated in Olericulture Division, Horticulture Research Centre (HRC), BARI, Gazipur during 2012 to 2013. Wide variations were observed among the genotypes for the characters studied. Fruit set percent varied from as low as 63% in CA 018 to as high as 90.66% in CA 016. The lo... Show More
  • Theoretical Study of Sand Entrainment and Deposits in Horizontal Oil Transport

    Sanni Eshorame Samuel, Olawale Surajudeen Adegboyega, Adefila Sunday Samuel, Emetere Moses

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015
    Pages: 314-323
    Received: 14 October 2015
    Accepted: 26 October 2015
    Published: 8 December 2015
    Abstract: Sand deposition in horizontal pipes transporting crude oil and sand affects oil recovery and causes loss of pipe integrity. One way of avoiding sand deposition in lines is by identifying potential sand deposit points for mounting boosters to help boost the inertia force of the flowing stream. This paper investigates a model approach to the problem.... Show More
  • Seroprevalence and Associated Risk Factors of HBV Co-infection Among HIV Infected Children Enrolled into Care at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Tanzania

    Rose H. Mende, Blandina T. Mmbaga, Rahim K. Damji, Ben C. J. Hamel, Ann M. Buchanan

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015
    Pages: 324-328
    Received: 29 October 2015
    Accepted: 16 November 2015
    Published: 10 December 2015
    Abstract: Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region most affected with HIV. The wide use of highly active anti-retroviral therapy has led to improvement in life expectancy among HIV infected individuals. However, hepatitis B virus related complications like liver cirrhosis and liver failure are now becoming common causes of morbidity and mortality in this group.... Show More
  • Incidence of β-lactamases Among Novel Multidrug Resistant Clinical Isolates of UTI Patients: An Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Study

    Rashmi M. Bhande – Kolhapure

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015
    Pages: 329-343
    Received: 13 February 2015
    Accepted: 14 February 2015
    Published: 18 December 2015
    Abstract: Community or Nosocomial Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) are increasing worldwide speedily by creating problem to currently available β-lactam antibiotic therapies. Thus it is an urgent need of research to find the effective therapeutic options to treat / manage the UTI. Therefore, the present work is designed to determine prevalence of β-lactam resi... Show More